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#28784 - 12/27/05 11:34 PM MZILIKAZI , S FAMILY TREE
DUMAKUDE Offline
Mafikizolo

Registered: 09/13/04
Posts: 31
Loc: EZULWINI
Mzilikazi, King of the Matebele

Mzilikazi "The Path of blood or the Great Road" the first King of the Matebele was the son of Matshobana, son of Mangete, son of Ngululu, son of Langa, son of Zimangele; all descendants of the Khumalo Dynasty. Mzilikazi was born of Nompethu "The maggot" the daughter of Chief Zwide of the Ndwandwe people (tribe).
After the murder of Matshobana, who was one of chiefs of the Khumalo clan, Mzilikazi inherited the chieftainship, and had to live at King Tshaka's Bulawayo. Before Tshaka's reign there was Zwide's Ndwandwe tribe reigning. Trouble started for Mzilikazi for when he suspected that Zwide, who had had his father Mzilikazi assassinated, wanted him killed. In preparation, he had an alliance with Tshaka, which allowed him to be a leader of one of his regiments.
Mzilikazi's reputation, bravery and skill in combat grew, much to the displeasure of King Tshaka. King Tshaka saw Mzilikazi as a future potential threat and therefore hatched a plot to get rid of Mzilikazi. Unfortunately for King Tshaka, his plot did not produce his desired results. Mzilikazi then decided to setup his own kingdom.

With nothing more than five hundred men and women, Mzilikazi departed from King Tshaka's Zululand, by this time Mzilikazi was already had three sons, but none of these could be the heir to the throne. In accordance with Ndebele customs, successors to the throne could not come from children the Mzilikazi bore before he was King. Thus Nkulumane was the heir. Meanwhile on learning of Mzilikazi exodus, King Tshaka sent two army contingents to stop him.

King Tshaka's army contingents failed to stop Mzilikazi, about 1821 Mzilikazi and his fledgling kingdom crossed the Drakensburg mountains. Over a prolonged period of time, the wandering Matebele Kingdom moved in a meandering northward direction. Eventually crossing the Limpopo river and settling his kingdom in the Matebeleland region of Zimbabwe. Mzilikazi established his first royal town, called Mhlahlandlela just outside present day Pretoria (South Africa), in the late 1820s. After facing a series attacks, he moved with his kingdom, further northward. Mzilikazi's last royal town was in Matebeleland Zimbabwe, he also called it Mhlahlandlela.

Mzilikazi's Matebele were a predatory people, and established themselves in their new environment by subjugating the original inhabitants until they were firmly entrenched as rulers of the territory between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers. Their impis foraged far and wide across the land, looting cattle and capturing women and children.
By the time Mzilikazi left King Tshaka's Zululand he realized that he had a small contingent of followers, insufficient to establish a powerful kingdom that would last. The era in which Mzilikazi lived demanded a kingdom be large so that it can have enough men to withstand attacks and thus offer defense to its citizens. He had to increase the population of kingdom, this had military defensive and economic implications. Mzilikazi used his skillful aptitude for warfare, learnt under Tshaka, to carryout raids on neighboring and remote tribes
Mzilikazi raids basically initially had these major objectives, cattle and captives for integration in the Matebele kingdom. Captives were vitally to the growth of the Matebele kingdom, female captives of childbearing age contributed children, who if they were male would add to the army. Male captives were recruited into the army. Children captives were ideal, as they would grow up culturally aligned to the Matebele way of life.

As the Kingdom grew and became military strong, Mzilikazi's raids had the following objectives, to remove the potential military danger, the capturing of cattle, women and children. With the growth of Matebele kingdom by assimilation of other people came the danger of being overrun culturally. Mzilikazi setup structures in which infused people learnt and conformed to the Matebele culture.

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#28785 - 12/28/05 05:03 PM Re: MZILIKAZI , S FAMILY TREE
Sibambamahawu Offline
Ndunankulu
***

Registered: 05/04/04
Posts: 803
Loc: KwaGodlwayo
Dumakude
"Mzilikazi "The Path of blood or the Great Road" by Dumakude


Angazi baba noma uqinisile ukuthi leli gama elithi MZILIKAZI lichaza lokhu okushoyo ngaphezulu. Mina ngicabanga ukuthi uma leligama lisho lokhu okushoyo bekuzofanele abizwe MZILAKAZI or MZILAWEGAZI not Mzilikazi, mina ngicabanga ukuthi leli gama elithi Mzilikazi liqhamuka noma lakhiwe from kugama noma kusenzo "ZILA", yikho ke uma sekuthiwa Mzilikazi kungachaza ukuthi ngumuntu ozila kakhulu.

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#28786 - 12/28/05 06:34 PM Re: MZILIKAZI , S FAMILY TREE
THANDINDABA Offline
Nduna

Registered: 04/04/04
Posts: 312
Loc: donkwedonkwe
Dumakude,
Uthi wena,
Mzilikazi's Matebele were a predatory people, and established themselves in their new environment by subjugating the original inhabitants until they were firmly entrenched as rulers of the territory between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers. Their impis foraged far and wide across the land, looting cattle and capturing women and children.
By the time Mzilikazi left King Tshaka's Zululand he realized that he had a small contingent of followers, insufficient to establish a powerful kingdom that would last. The era in which Mzilikazi lived demanded a kingdom be large so that it can have enough men to withstand attacks and thus offer defense to its citizens. He had to increase the population of kingdom, this had military defensive and economic implications. Mzilikazi used his skillful aptitude for warfare, learnt under Tshaka, to carryout raids on neighboring and remote tribes
Mzilikazi raids basically initially had these major objectives, cattle and captives for integration in the Matebele kingdom. Captives were vitally to the growth of the Matebele kingdom, female captives of childbearing age contributed children, who if they were male would add to the army. Male captives were recruited into the army. Children captives were ideal, as they would grow up culturally aligned to the Matebele way of life

I do not subscribe to this notion that the Ndebele were "predatory" vultures preying on neighbouring nations and looting and plundering as tis is a falsification of history. If yu are a youngman or woman I suggest you do a serious revision of YOUR history and ask abadale bekuqondise.
You seem not to understand that in every polity and economical setting be it in Victorian England, todays Britain or 18th century America or Canada today, tax dodgers always come to a sticky end. If you cheat on your taxes today you will be punished severely. Simillarly once the Ndebele state was founded it had to punish tax evaders. No nation can survive without taxing its citizens. So the raids were not raids but just punishment mated out to imbeciles in the East who failed to pay their dues to the king. Those who payed their dues were not punished.

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#28787 - 12/28/05 06:37 PM Re: MZILIKAZI , S FAMILY TREE
THANDINDABA Offline
Nduna

Registered: 04/04/04
Posts: 312
Loc: donkwedonkwe
Kanti vele imbali yakho le ihambelana ngaphi lesixoko sobulembu bakholobu Dumakude?

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#28788 - 12/30/05 09:03 AM Re: MZILIKAZI , S FAMILY TREE
matebele Offline
Mafikizolo

Registered: 12/30/05
Posts: 2
Loc: New York
I thought the topic was Mzilikazi's Family Tree ?

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#28789 - 12/30/05 01:22 PM Re: MZILIKAZI , S FAMILY TREE
Siphepheli Offline
Ndunankulu
***

Registered: 05/27/04
Posts: 741
Loc: Khonaph'ya Enkangala
Asikhulumeni ngesintu phela lingakhohlwa ukuthi kulamasili amadala anjengami lapha angezwayo ukugcwigcwiza kwenu ngezindimi zokuza.

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#35869 - 01/27/08 05:55 PM Re: MZILIKAZI , S FAMILY TREE [Re: Siphepheli]
Khanka Offline
Sikhulu

Registered: 07/03/04
Posts: 230
Loc: Eguswini
On September 12 1868, King Mzilikazi of the Ndebele state died and his remains were put in a cave at Entumbane, on the northern peripheries of the Matopo Hills. It was not clear who would ascend the throne. The heir to the throne was Nkulumane, son of Mzilikazi by the royal wife; but he was mysteriously missing, and all efforts to find him proved unavailing, the heir apparent Nkulumane's fate was shrouded in mystery.

The council therefore assembled together to discuss the question of the succession, and when it was evident that Nkulumane could not be traced, it was decided to offer the crown to Lobengula, a son of Mzilikazi by an inferior wife, and who had proved himself to be brave in battle and cunning in the council. This was accordingly done. Regent Mncumbatha Khumalo installed Lobengula as the next king. The installation took place in 1870. According to Ndebele custom, a new king had to establish his own royal palace and town. Consequently, Lobengula left King Mzilkazi's last capital of Mhlahlandlela to establish his own town, located a few kilometres north east of Mhahlandlela, it was called Gibixhegu.

A section of the Ndebele nation, however, was opposed to Lobengula, possibly stirred up by some instances by other members of the royal family who wished to have the crown for themselves, refused to accept any king but Nkulumane. It was easy to see, therefore, that there was but one way to decide the question, - a fearful battle was to be fought between the two opposing parties, with the result that Lobengula and the warriors supporting him gained the victory, and the rebels were crushed,so much so, that they consented to Lobengula becoming king without further protests.


In 1872 after scoring victory, King Lobhengula renamed his royal town. The name was changed from Gibixhegu to Bulawayo. The name derives from the verb bulala and the locative formative ko-. Bulala means, in the first instance to kill. It also means to oppose, persecute or bother. King Lobhengula was thus referring to the figurative meaning of the word bulala.
He was being opposed and persecuted by his opponents. The town shall be called "the place of he who is persecuted'. Reference is made to one person - the king himself. In essence, the name of King Lobhengula's town was named after that of the first Bulawayo, that of King Tshaka.



_________________________
Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test
a man's character, give him power.

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#35870 - 01/27/08 06:06 PM Re: MZILIKAZI , S FAMILY TREE [Re: Khanka]
Khanka Offline
Sikhulu

Registered: 07/03/04
Posts: 230
Loc: Eguswini
Lobengula and a small remnant of his once powerful Impi were driven to a point approximately seventy kilometers north of the Zambesi River. Sir James McDonald, in his book RHODES ? A LIFE (London: Philip Allan 1928, 403pp) describes the now very ill Lobengula?s last hours: "He felt his end was near, and calling together those faithful indunas and warriors who still remained with him, he said. . . go now all of you to Rhodes and seek his protection. He will be your chief and friend. To the fighting men present he said :You have done your best, my soldiers; you can help me no more. I thank you all. Go now to your kraals and Mjan (the General of all of Lobengula?s Impi) the greatest of you all, will go to Rhodes, who will make things all right for you. To all of you I say "Hambani kuhle" ? go in peace!" Before twenty-four hours had elapsed, Lobengula was no more and Mjan. . . in due course reached Bulawayo and gave this account of his last hours.


(mina angazi ngoba kudala sivele sisehlulwa kumbe lathi silunge kakhulu yini?)
_________________________
Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test
a man's character, give him power.

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#35891 - 01/29/08 04:15 PM Re: MZILIKAZI , S FAMILY TREE [Re: Khanka]
ntombankala Offline
Sikhulu

Registered: 11/06/02
Posts: 205
Loc: Zimbabwe
Dumakude: uyiphekele emoyeni baba. Uyithethe wayibeka endleleni waphuma nesihlokweni sodaba lwakho okuyilokhu okudale ukuthi nabanye laba baphambuke abafowethu baye le ehlathini. Sokubhalwe umlandu wethu ngamehlo abelungu. Masingalenzi lelo phutha. Akhona amadodana enkosi njalo bayazazi izindlu zenkosi. Uyiqale kahle walahleka endleleni.Buza uPhathisa Nyathi.

Imnandi iqondile njalo le eyokuthi izizwe bezihlaselwa ngoba zingabhadalanga intela (taxes) liqiniso. Pay Ceasar what belongs to him". Iqiniso bandla nje uLobengula wanyamalala. Singaze salenza iphutha lokuqhephuna okwabhalwa ngabelungu ngo Lobengula. Wanyamalala namanye amadoda ayemgcinile. Kunodletshana lokuthi wafika ezweni lika Mpezeni eZambia lapho angcwatshwa khona. Noma kanjani oMpenzeni bakuthatha njengemfihlo lokho ngeke balidalule elengcwaba yale nsizwa.

Kusenjalo uma ekhona othandabuzayo, akekho umuntu ofela ehlathini ingcwaba lakhe lingaziwa. Umuntu uhlukene nezilwane nenyamazana. Singakhohlwa ukuthi uLobengula ngesikhathi kuliwa ubegade ibhiza njalo naye ube phethe isibhamu kanye namabutho akhe nemikhonto ibikhona. Leyo inzima isindabaphenduli.

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